Amalgamated data for emission is current as of 2017/10/19 23:42:39

sans titre--37.jpg

jeremy bruyere posted a photo:

sans titre--37.jpg

Guitarist & singer

Mercedes-Benz 220 Cabriolet A - Zero emission

seanavigatorsson posted a video:

Mercedes-Benz 220 Cabriolet A - Zero emission

Hier kann man den sicheren und emissionsfreien Umgang mit einem Mercedes-Benz 220 Cabriolet A beobachten.

Here one can observe the safe and emission-free handling of a Mercedes-Benz 220 Cabriolet A.

Nebulosa Norteamerica y Deneb

StarryEarth posted a photo:

Nebulosa Norteamerica y Deneb

NGC 7000, Nebulosa Norteamerica. Es una nebulosa de emisión en la constelación de Cygnus, situada cerca de Deneb (α Cygni). La región central oscura se denomina El Golfo de México, ya que en placas fotográficas de hace muchos años se parecía a esa región de la Tierra.

NGC 7000 es una nebulosa grande que cubre un área equivalente a la luna llena, pero su bajo brillo superficial hace que normalmente no sea visible a simple vista. NGC 7000 y la cercana nebulosa Pelícano (IC 5070) forman parte de la misma nube interestelar de hidrógeno ionizado (región HII). El área oscura del centro es una región muy densa de material interestelar que se encuentra delante de la nebulosa y que absorbe la luz de la misma, dando al conjunto su forma característica.

No se conoce con precisión la distancia que nos separa de NGC 7000, ni la estrella responsable de la ionización del hidrógeno que produce la emisión de luz. Si, como algunas fuentes señalan, Deneb es la estrella que ilumina la nebulosa, la distancia de NGC 7000 a la Tierra sería del orden de 1.800 años luz.

IC 5070, Nebulosa Pelícano. es una nebulosa de emisión situada cerca de Deneb (α Cygni), y separada de la nebulosa de mayor tamaño NGC 7000 por una región oscura. La zona oscura se denomina El Golfo de México. Ambas nebulosas, IC 5070 y NGC 7000, forman parte de la misma región H II. Dentro de la nebulosa Pelícano, nubes de polvo oscuro también ayudan a definir el ojo y el largo pico, mientras un frente brillante de gas ionizado sugiere la silueta de la cabeza y del cuello. La nebulosa situada en lo que físicamente sería la parte trasera del cuello es la que realmente se denomina IC 5070 pero es más conocida como "El cogote".

Esta nebulosa ha sido muy estudiada porque mezcla formación estelar y nubes de gas en desarrollo. La luz de estrellas jóvenes calienta lentamente el frío gas produciendo un frente de ionización que avanza hacia el exterior.

Deneb (α Cygni, 50 Cygni). Es la estrella más brillante de la constelación de Cygnus («El Cisne») y una de las más brillantes del cielo nocturno, con una magnitud aparente en banda B (filtro azul) igual a 1,34 y en banda V (filtro verde) igual a 1,25. Junto con Vega (α Lyrae) y Altair (α Aquilae) forman el asterismo del «triángulo de verano» muy popular para los observadores del hemisferio norte.
El nombre de Deneb deriva del árabe dhaneb, «cola», entendida como «la cola del ave» (dhanab ad-dajājah), en clara alusión a su posición dentro de la alineación de estrellas que conforman la figura del Cisne. Es un término muy común en otras estrellas, que señala la extremidad caudal de algunas constelaciones, como Denébola en Leo o Deneb Kaitos en la Ballena. Deneb Adige y Deneb el Adige son formas largas del mismo nombre.
Otras denominaciones tradicionales de Deneb, como Arided —que aparece en las Tablas Alfonsíes—, Aridif y su variante Arrioph, están hoy día en desuso. Gallina fue un nombre utilizado por Johann Bayer para designar a esta estrella.

La distancia de Deneb a la Tierra es aún motivo de controversia; las mediciones más precisas —llevadas a cabo por el satélite Hipparcos— sitúan a Deneb solo a 1.425 años luz de distancia, lo que resulta una luminosidad 54.400 veces superior a la del Sol. Su potencia lumínica es tal que en un solo día genera tanta energía como el Sol en 140 años.
Deneb es un tipo poco común de supergigante blanca de clase espectral A2Iae1 y una temperatura superficial de 8.525 K. La medida directa de su diámetro angular, unas 114 veces el del Sol. Si estuviese situada en el centro del sistema solar, se extendería hasta la mitad de la órbita terrestre, y en el cielo de la Tierra aparecería como un disco de 56º de diámetro aparente.
En la actualidad Deneb ha finalizado la fusión del hidrógeno en su núcleo, pero no se sabe con certeza en qué fase de su evolución se encuentra; puede estar en el proceso de convertirse en una supergigante roja con un núcleo de helio inerte o, más avanzada en su evolución, ya puede haber comenzado a fusionar el helio en su núcleo. En cualquier caso, concluirá su vida estallando como supernova dentro de unos pocos millones de años.
Deneb es el prototipo de una clase de variables llamadas variables Alfa Cygni. Sus superficies experimentan pulsaciones no radiales que hacen que su brillo y su tipo espectral varíen ligeramente.

B 361. Es una nebulosa oscura de absorción bien visible, de unos 30’ de diámetro aparente en la constelación de Cygnus.

IC 5076. Es una nebulosa de reflexión visible en la constelación del Cisne. La nebulosa está relacionada con la estrella HD 199478, de clase espectral azul supergigante B8Iae y con fuertes líneas de emisión lo suficientemente peculiares para ser clasificada como una estrella Be. Su magnitud aparente es 5,73 y siendo una variable pulsante (abreviatura V2140 Cygni) muestra cambios del orden de 0,1 magnitudes. Su distancia es de unos a 5.700 años luz.

NGC 6991. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto registrado en la constelación de Cygnus. Fue descubierto por William Hershel en 1788. Se encuentra a unos 2.280 años luz.

B 356. Es una nebulosa oscura situada en la constelación de Cygnus.

B 352. Es una nebulosa oscura bien visible al norte de la nebulosa Norteamerica.

NGC 6996. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto en la constelación de Cygnus. Fue descubierto en 1828 por el británico John Herschel. Se encuentra una distancia de unos 1.600 años luz.

B 353. Es una nebulosa oscura situada en la parte superior de la nebulosa Norteamerica.

NGC 6997. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto situado en la constelación del Cisne. William Herschel lo descubrió en 1786. Es visible en el fondo de la Nebulosa de Norteamerica y es poco probable que se asocie con ella, pero no se conoce si está por delante o detrás de ella. Se encuentra a unos 2.570 años luz.

Xi Cygni. Es una estrella de Cygnus de magnitud aparente es +3,72, y se encuentra a aproximadamente 1200 años luz.
Xi Cygni es una supergigante naranja de tipo espectral K4, y una temperatura superficial de 4.000 K. Con un radio 200 veces mayor que el del Sol, equivalente a 1 UA, si se hallase en el centro del Sistema Solar su superficie llegaría hasta la órbita terrestre.
Su abundancia en metales es baja, siendo su contenido en hierro —en relación al hidrógeno— apenas un 35% del solar. Es 9.400 veces más luminosa que el Sol y su masa se estima entre 8 y 10 masas solares.
Habiendo comenzado su vida como una estrella de tipo B1 de la secuencia principal hace unos 30 millones de años, está ya próximo el término de sus días como una enana blanca masiva o explotando como una supernova, pues su masa está en el límite entre uno u otro desenlace.

IC 5068. Es una nebulosa de emisión en la constelación del Cisne. Fue descubierta por Thomas H.E. Compton en 1899. Se encuentra a unos 1.600 años luz.

NGC 7000, North America Nebula. It is an emission nebula in the constellation Cygnus, located near Deneb (α Cygni). The dark central region is called The Gulf of Mexico, because in photographic plates many years ago it resembled that region of the Earth.

NGC 7000 is a large nebula that covers an area equivalent to the full moon, but its low surface brightness makes it normally not visible to the naked eye. NGC 7000 and the nearby Pelican Nebula (IC 5070) are part of the same interstellar ionized hydrogen cloud (HII region). The dark area of the center is a very dense region of interstellar material that is in front of the nebula and absorbs the light of the nebula, giving the whole its characteristic shape.

The distance separating us from NGC 7000, or the star responsible for the ionization of hydrogen produced by the emission of light, is not known precisely. If, as some sources point out, Deneb is the star that illuminates the nebula, the distance of NGC 7000 to Earth would be on the order of 1,800 light-years.

IC 5070, Pelican Nebula. is an emission nebula located near Deneb (α Cygni), and separated from the larger nebula NGC 7000 by a dark region. The dark zone is called The Gulf of Mexico. Both nebulae, IC 5070 and NGC 7000, are part of the same H II region. Within the Pelican Nebula, dark dust clouds also help define the eye and the long beak, while a bright front of ionized gas suggests the silhouette of the head and neck. The nebula located in what would physically be the back of the neck is what is actually called IC 5070 but is better known as "El cogote".

This nebula has been well studied because it mixes star formation and developing gas clouds. The light from young stars slowly heats the cold gas producing an ionization front that protrudes outwards.

Deneb (α Cygni, 50 Cygni). It is the brightest star in the constellation Cygnus ("The Swan") and one of the brightest in the night sky, with an apparent magnitude in band B (blue filter) equal to 1.34 and in band V (green filter) equal to 1.25. Together with Vega (α Lyrae) and Altair (α Aquilae) form the asterism of the "summer triangle" very popular for northern hemisphere observers.
Deneb's name derives from the Arabic dhaneb, "tail", understood as "the tail of the bird" (dhanab ad-dajājah), in clear allusion to its position within the alignment of stars that conform the figure of the Swan. It is a very common term in other stars, that indicates the caudal extremity of some constellations, like Denébola in Leo or Deneb Kaitos in the Whale. Deneb Adige and Deneb the Adige are long forms of the same name.
Other traditional Deneb denominations, such as Arided - which appears in the Alphonsian Tables -, Aridif and its Arrioph variant, are now in disuse. Hen was a name used by Johann Bayer to designate this star.

Deneb's distance from Earth is still controversial; the most accurate measurements - carried out by the Hipparcos satellite - place Deneb only 1,425 light-years away, resulting in a luminosity 54,400 times greater than that of the Sun. Its light output is such that in a single day it generates so much energy like the Sun in 140 years.
Deneb is a rare type of white supergiant of spectral class A2Iae1 and a surface temperature of 8,525 K. The direct measurement of its angular diameter, about 114 times that of the Sun. If it were located in the center of the solar system, it would extend to the half of Earth's orbit, and in Earth's sky would appear as a disc of 56 ° apparent diameter.
Deneb has now completed the melting of hydrogen in its nucleus, but it is not known with certainty at what stage of its evolution it is; may be in the process of becoming a red supergiant with an inert helium nucleus or, more advanced in its evolution, may already have begun to fuse helium into its nucleus. In any case, it will end its life by exploding as a supernova within a few million years.
Deneb is the prototype of a class of variables called Alfa Cygni variables. Their surfaces experience nonradial pulsations that make their brightness and spectral type vary slightly.

B 361. It is a dark visible absorption nebula, about 30 'in apparent diameter in the constellation of Cygnus.

IC 5076. It is a nebula of visible reflection in the constellation of the Swan. The nebula is related to the star HD 199478, of supergiant blue spectral class B8Iae and with strong lines of emission sufficiently peculiar to be classified like a star Be. Its apparent magnitude is 5.73 and being a pulsating variable (abbreviation V2140 Cygni) shows changes of the order of 0.1 magnitudes. Its distance is about 5,700 light-years.

NGC 6991. It is an open stellar cluster recorded in the constellation of Cygnus. It was discovered by William Hershel in 1788. It is located about 2,280 light-years.

B 356. It is a dark nebula located in the constellation of Cygnus.

B 352. It is a dark nebula well visible north of the North American nebula.

NGC 6996. It is an open star cluster in the constellation of Cygnus. It was discovered in 1828 by the British John Herschel. It is a distance of about 1,600 light-years.

B 353. It is a dark nebula located at the top of the North American nebula.

NGC 6997. It is an open star cluster located in the constellation of the Swan. William Herschel discovered it in 1786. It is visible at the bottom of the North American Nebula and is unlikely to be associated with it, but it is not known whether it is ahead or behind it. It is about 2,570 light years away.

Xi Cygni. It is a Cygnus star of apparent magnitude is +3.72, and is about 1200 light-years.
Xi Cygni is an orange supergiant of spectral type K4, and a surface temperature of 4000 K. With a radius 200 times greater than the Sun, equivalent to 1 AU, if it were in the center of the Solar System its surface would reach the orbit land.
Its abundance in metals is low, being its content in iron - in relation to the hydrogen - hardly a 35% of the solar. It is 9,400 times more luminous than the Sun and its mass is estimated between 8 and 10 solar masses.
Having started its life as a type B1 star of the main sequence about 30 million years ago, it is near the end of its days as a massive white dwarf or exploding like a supernova, because its mass is in the limit between one another outcome.

IC 5068. It is an emission nebula in the constellation of the Swan. It was discovered by Thomas H.E. Compton in 1899. It is about 1,600 light years away.

The Pelican Nebula in SHO hubble palette

Olli Arkko posted a photo:

The Pelican Nebula in SHO hubble palette

Whew that was a lot of exposure time. Who knew that you'd need lots of photons in order to have your DSLR produce a decent narrowband image.... But here it is, the Pelican Nebula in a hubble-esque SHO palette with some of that Hydrogen green left in.

Total Exposure time: 11.3 Hours

H-alpha:
20x600s @ ISO1600 lights
10x600s @ ISO1600 darks
100x1/8000s @ ISO1600 bias
40x3s @ ISO1600 flats

OIII:
18x600s @ ISO1600 lights
10x600s @ ISO1600 darks
100x1/8000s @ ISO1600 bias
40x3s @ ISO1600 flats

SII:
30x600s @ ISO1600 lights
10x600s @ ISO1600 darks
100x1/8000s @ ISO1600 bias
40x3s @ ISO1600 flats

Nikon D7000 (modded)
Baader 2" H-alpha 7nm CCD
Baader 2" OIII 8.5nm CCD
Baader 2" SII 8nm CCD
Skywatcher 200PDS
HEQ5 PRO

Processing in pixinsight 1.8

Few seconds before emission. No place to hide. My last trip to ZONA.

Radosław Owczarczak posted a photo:

Few seconds before emission. No place to hide. My last trip to ZONA.

Do you remember S.T.A.L.K.E.R? - fantastic game.

Waste solutions

Zoi Environment Network posted a photo:

Waste solutions

A list of various strategies for better management of waste.

材木

Soem Yoshida posted a photo:

材木

Emissions

Owen J Fitzpatrick posted a photo:

Emissions

The controversial and gigantic Dublin thermal power station, aka the Poolbeg incinerator, commenced operations on April 24th 2017. The facilty produces 60 megawatts of electricity, enough to power 80,000 homes.

Dublin - Ireland

sans titre--38.jpg

jeremy bruyere posted a photo:

sans titre--38.jpg

Guitarist & singer

like an experimental film

heroyama posted a photo:

like an experimental film

Taking a charge -[ HSS ]-

Carbon Arc posted a photo:

Taking a charge -[ HSS ]-

A bird's-eye view of my electric cart at work meets the sliders.

Technically, the vehicle is classified as a “Low Speed Vehicle,” meaning it's street-legal on roads with speed limits up to 35 mph (56 km/h), although it can only go as fast as 25 mph (40 km/h) downhill in a tailwind. :)

Nebulosa Norteamerica y Deneb

StarryEarth posted a photo:

Nebulosa Norteamerica y Deneb

NGC 7000, Nebulosa Norteamerica. Es una nebulosa de emisión en la constelación de Cygnus, situada cerca de Deneb (α Cygni). La región central oscura se denomina El Golfo de México, ya que en placas fotográficas de hace muchos años se parecía a esa región de la Tierra.

NGC 7000 es una nebulosa grande que cubre un área equivalente a la luna llena, pero su bajo brillo superficial hace que normalmente no sea visible a simple vista. NGC 7000 y la cercana nebulosa Pelícano (IC 5070) forman parte de la misma nube interestelar de hidrógeno ionizado (región HII). El área oscura del centro es una región muy densa de material interestelar que se encuentra delante de la nebulosa y que absorbe la luz de la misma, dando al conjunto su forma característica.

No se conoce con precisión la distancia que nos separa de NGC 7000, ni la estrella responsable de la ionización del hidrógeno que produce la emisión de luz. Si, como algunas fuentes señalan, Deneb es la estrella que ilumina la nebulosa, la distancia de NGC 7000 a la Tierra sería del orden de 1.800 años luz.

IC 5070, Nebulosa Pelícano. es una nebulosa de emisión situada cerca de Deneb (α Cygni), y separada de la nebulosa de mayor tamaño NGC 7000 por una región oscura. La zona oscura se denomina El Golfo de México. Ambas nebulosas, IC 5070 y NGC 7000, forman parte de la misma región H II. Dentro de la nebulosa Pelícano, nubes de polvo oscuro también ayudan a definir el ojo y el largo pico, mientras un frente brillante de gas ionizado sugiere la silueta de la cabeza y del cuello. La nebulosa situada en lo que físicamente sería la parte trasera del cuello es la que realmente se denomina IC 5070 pero es más conocida como "El cogote".

Esta nebulosa ha sido muy estudiada porque mezcla formación estelar y nubes de gas en desarrollo. La luz de estrellas jóvenes calienta lentamente el frío gas produciendo un frente de ionización que avanza hacia el exterior.

Deneb (α Cygni, 50 Cygni). Es la estrella más brillante de la constelación de Cygnus («El Cisne») y una de las más brillantes del cielo nocturno, con una magnitud aparente en banda B (filtro azul) igual a 1,34 y en banda V (filtro verde) igual a 1,25. Junto con Vega (α Lyrae) y Altair (α Aquilae) forman el asterismo del «triángulo de verano» muy popular para los observadores del hemisferio norte.
El nombre de Deneb deriva del árabe dhaneb, «cola», entendida como «la cola del ave» (dhanab ad-dajājah), en clara alusión a su posición dentro de la alineación de estrellas que conforman la figura del Cisne. Es un término muy común en otras estrellas, que señala la extremidad caudal de algunas constelaciones, como Denébola en Leo o Deneb Kaitos en la Ballena. Deneb Adige y Deneb el Adige son formas largas del mismo nombre.
Otras denominaciones tradicionales de Deneb, como Arided —que aparece en las Tablas Alfonsíes—, Aridif y su variante Arrioph, están hoy día en desuso. Gallina fue un nombre utilizado por Johann Bayer para designar a esta estrella.

La distancia de Deneb a la Tierra es aún motivo de controversia; las mediciones más precisas —llevadas a cabo por el satélite Hipparcos— sitúan a Deneb solo a 1.425 años luz de distancia, lo que resulta una luminosidad 54.400 veces superior a la del Sol. Su potencia lumínica es tal que en un solo día genera tanta energía como el Sol en 140 años.
Deneb es un tipo poco común de supergigante blanca de clase espectral A2Iae1 y una temperatura superficial de 8.525 K. La medida directa de su diámetro angular, unas 114 veces el del Sol. Si estuviese situada en el centro del sistema solar, se extendería hasta la mitad de la órbita terrestre, y en el cielo de la Tierra aparecería como un disco de 56º de diámetro aparente.
En la actualidad Deneb ha finalizado la fusión del hidrógeno en su núcleo, pero no se sabe con certeza en qué fase de su evolución se encuentra; puede estar en el proceso de convertirse en una supergigante roja con un núcleo de helio inerte o, más avanzada en su evolución, ya puede haber comenzado a fusionar el helio en su núcleo. En cualquier caso, concluirá su vida estallando como supernova dentro de unos pocos millones de años.
Deneb es el prototipo de una clase de variables llamadas variables Alfa Cygni. Sus superficies experimentan pulsaciones no radiales que hacen que su brillo y su tipo espectral varíen ligeramente.

B 361. Es una nebulosa oscura de absorción bien visible, de unos 30’ de diámetro aparente en la constelación de Cygnus.

IC 5076. Es una nebulosa de reflexión visible en la constelación del Cisne. La nebulosa está relacionada con la estrella HD 199478, de clase espectral azul supergigante B8Iae y con fuertes líneas de emisión lo suficientemente peculiares para ser clasificada como una estrella Be. Su magnitud aparente es 5,73 y siendo una variable pulsante (abreviatura V2140 Cygni) muestra cambios del orden de 0,1 magnitudes. Su distancia es de unos a 5.700 años luz.

NGC 6991. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto registrado en la constelación de Cygnus. Fue descubierto por William Hershel en 1788. Se encuentra a unos 2.280 años luz.

B 356. Es una nebulosa oscura situada en la constelación de Cygnus.

B 352. Es una nebulosa oscura bien visible al norte de la nebulosa Norteamerica.

NGC 6996. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto en la constelación de Cygnus. Fue descubierto en 1828 por el británico John Herschel. Se encuentra una distancia de unos 1.600 años luz.

B 353. Es una nebulosa oscura situada en la parte superior de la nebulosa Norteamerica.

NGC 6997. Es un cúmulo estelar abierto situado en la constelación del Cisne. William Herschel lo descubrió en 1786. Es visible en el fondo de la Nebulosa de Norteamerica y es poco probable que se asocie con ella, pero no se conoce si está por delante o detrás de ella. Se encuentra a unos 2.570 años luz.

Xi Cygni. Es una estrella de Cygnus de magnitud aparente es +3,72, y se encuentra a aproximadamente 1200 años luz.
Xi Cygni es una supergigante naranja de tipo espectral K4, y una temperatura superficial de 4.000 K. Con un radio 200 veces mayor que el del Sol, equivalente a 1 UA, si se hallase en el centro del Sistema Solar su superficie llegaría hasta la órbita terrestre.
Su abundancia en metales es baja, siendo su contenido en hierro —en relación al hidrógeno— apenas un 35% del solar. Es 9.400 veces más luminosa que el Sol y su masa se estima entre 8 y 10 masas solares.
Habiendo comenzado su vida como una estrella de tipo B1 de la secuencia principal hace unos 30 millones de años, está ya próximo el término de sus días como una enana blanca masiva o explotando como una supernova, pues su masa está en el límite entre uno u otro desenlace.

IC 5068. Es una nebulosa de emisión en la constelación del Cisne. Fue descubierta por Thomas H.E. Compton en 1899. Se encuentra a unos 1.600 años luz.

NGC 7000, North America Nebula. It is an emission nebula in the constellation Cygnus, located near Deneb (α Cygni). The dark central region is called The Gulf of Mexico, because in photographic plates many years ago it resembled that region of the Earth.

NGC 7000 is a large nebula that covers an area equivalent to the full moon, but its low surface brightness makes it normally not visible to the naked eye. NGC 7000 and the nearby Pelican Nebula (IC 5070) are part of the same interstellar ionized hydrogen cloud (HII region). The dark area of the center is a very dense region of interstellar material that is in front of the nebula and absorbs the light of the nebula, giving the whole its characteristic shape.

The distance separating us from NGC 7000, or the star responsible for the ionization of hydrogen produced by the emission of light, is not known precisely. If, as some sources point out, Deneb is the star that illuminates the nebula, the distance of NGC 7000 to Earth would be on the order of 1,800 light-years.

IC 5070, Pelican Nebula. is an emission nebula located near Deneb (α Cygni), and separated from the larger nebula NGC 7000 by a dark region. The dark zone is called The Gulf of Mexico. Both nebulae, IC 5070 and NGC 7000, are part of the same H II region. Within the Pelican Nebula, dark dust clouds also help define the eye and the long beak, while a bright front of ionized gas suggests the silhouette of the head and neck. The nebula located in what would physically be the back of the neck is what is actually called IC 5070 but is better known as "El cogote".

This nebula has been well studied because it mixes star formation and developing gas clouds. The light from young stars slowly heats the cold gas producing an ionization front that protrudes outwards.

Deneb (α Cygni, 50 Cygni). It is the brightest star in the constellation Cygnus ("The Swan") and one of the brightest in the night sky, with an apparent magnitude in band B (blue filter) equal to 1.34 and in band V (green filter) equal to 1.25. Together with Vega (α Lyrae) and Altair (α Aquilae) form the asterism of the "summer triangle" very popular for northern hemisphere observers.
Deneb's name derives from the Arabic dhaneb, "tail", understood as "the tail of the bird" (dhanab ad-dajājah), in clear allusion to its position within the alignment of stars that conform the figure of the Swan. It is a very common term in other stars, that indicates the caudal extremity of some constellations, like Denébola in Leo or Deneb Kaitos in the Whale. Deneb Adige and Deneb the Adige are long forms of the same name.
Other traditional Deneb denominations, such as Arided - which appears in the Alphonsian Tables -, Aridif and its Arrioph variant, are now in disuse. Hen was a name used by Johann Bayer to designate this star.

Deneb's distance from Earth is still controversial; the most accurate measurements - carried out by the Hipparcos satellite - place Deneb only 1,425 light-years away, resulting in a luminosity 54,400 times greater than that of the Sun. Its light output is such that in a single day it generates so much energy like the Sun in 140 years.
Deneb is a rare type of white supergiant of spectral class A2Iae1 and a surface temperature of 8,525 K. The direct measurement of its angular diameter, about 114 times that of the Sun. If it were located in the center of the solar system, it would extend to the half of Earth's orbit, and in Earth's sky would appear as a disc of 56 ° apparent diameter.
Deneb has now completed the melting of hydrogen in its nucleus, but it is not known with certainty at what stage of its evolution it is; may be in the process of becoming a red supergiant with an inert helium nucleus or, more advanced in its evolution, may already have begun to fuse helium into its nucleus. In any case, it will end its life by exploding as a supernova within a few million years.
Deneb is the prototype of a class of variables called Alfa Cygni variables. Their surfaces experience nonradial pulsations that make their brightness and spectral type vary slightly.

B 361. It is a dark visible absorption nebula, about 30 'in apparent diameter in the constellation of Cygnus.

IC 5076. It is a nebula of visible reflection in the constellation of the Swan. The nebula is related to the star HD 199478, of supergiant blue spectral class B8Iae and with strong lines of emission sufficiently peculiar to be classified like a star Be. Its apparent magnitude is 5.73 and being a pulsating variable (abbreviation V2140 Cygni) shows changes of the order of 0.1 magnitudes. Its distance is about 5,700 light-years.

NGC 6991. It is an open stellar cluster recorded in the constellation of Cygnus. It was discovered by William Hershel in 1788. It is located about 2,280 light-years.

B 356. It is a dark nebula located in the constellation of Cygnus.

B 352. It is a dark nebula well visible north of the North American nebula.

NGC 6996. It is an open star cluster in the constellation of Cygnus. It was discovered in 1828 by the British John Herschel. It is a distance of about 1,600 light-years.

B 353. It is a dark nebula located at the top of the North American nebula.

NGC 6997. It is an open star cluster located in the constellation of the Swan. William Herschel discovered it in 1786. It is visible at the bottom of the North American Nebula and is unlikely to be associated with it, but it is not known whether it is ahead or behind it. It is about 2,570 light years away.

Xi Cygni. It is a Cygnus star of apparent magnitude is +3.72, and is about 1200 light-years.
Xi Cygni is an orange supergiant of spectral type K4, and a surface temperature of 4000 K. With a radius 200 times greater than the Sun, equivalent to 1 AU, if it were in the center of the Solar System its surface would reach the orbit land.
Its abundance in metals is low, being its content in iron - in relation to the hydrogen - hardly a 35% of the solar. It is 9,400 times more luminous than the Sun and its mass is estimated between 8 and 10 solar masses.
Having started its life as a type B1 star of the main sequence about 30 million years ago, it is near the end of its days as a massive white dwarf or exploding like a supernova, because its mass is in the limit between one another outcome.

IC 5068. It is an emission nebula in the constellation of the Swan. It was discovered by Thomas H.E. Compton in 1899. It is about 1,600 light years away.

The North American Nebula.

Ab Pho II posted a photo:

The North American Nebula.

The North American Nebula. 19 images captured last night through moon, hazy, and dew. I cannot wait until this month's new moon. Hydrogen-alpha modified Canon 7D with a Canon EF 400/5.6 @ f/7.1, 2 minutes, ISO800. Editing done in Photoshop.

Waste management, climate change and natural disasters

Zoi Environment Network posted a photo:

Waste management, climate change and natural disasters

A diagram showing the mutual impact waste and climate have on each other.

Pickerings triangle in bi colour

Sara Wager (www.swagastro.com) posted a photo:

Pickerings triangle in bi colour

Pickering's Triangle is part of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant, which includes the famous Veil Nebula.

It is located about 1,500 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Cygnus.

​Details.
M: Mesu 200
T: TMB 152/1200
C: QSI683 3nm Astrodon Ha and OIII filters

This is a 2 pane mosaic and has been stitched together using Astro Pixel Processor software.

Pane 1
Ha 20x1800s and OIII 20x1800s

Pane 2
Ha 20x1800s and OIII 20x1800s

The total exposure is 40 hours.

resonance

heroyama posted a photo:

resonance

== 18h00 * MAXXI GOLD == Envie de danser au son de vos meilleurs souvenirs 70’s 80’s 90’s et 2000’s ? Maxxi Gold est l’émission qu’il vous faut ! Disco, Funk, Soul, Dance, Reggae, Maxi 45 tours, etc... sont au programme chaque mois. Bonne écoute sur http

kamelothutchinson posted a photo:

== 18h00 * MAXXI GOLD == Envie de danser au son de vos meilleurs souvenirs 70’s 80’s 90’s et 2000’s ? Maxxi Gold est l’émission qu’il vous faut ! Disco, Funk, Soul, Dance, Reggae, Maxi 45 tours, etc... sont au programme chaque mois.  Bonne écoute sur http

Решения в области управления отходами / Waste solutions

Zoi Environment Network posted a photo:

Решения в области управления отходами / Waste solutions

Список различных действий, которые позволяют эффективнее решать вопрос отходов.

A list of various strategies for better management of waste.

English version here.

M42 Orion Nebula

jeremyjonkman posted a photo:

M42 Orion Nebula

I have been really getting into astrophotography, the amount of stuff out there is just incredible. Here is my shot of Orion Nebula.

Canon 7D mark II
Canon 100-400mm L IS II lens @ 400
Celestron Advanced Series VX Mount

145 5light frames
30x90 second
50x60 second
30x25 second
20x10 second
15x5 second
100 dark frames
200 offset bias frames
A grand total of 445 exposures
Layered in deep sky stacker and further processed in Lightroom and Photoshop.
Hope you all enjoy and thanks for any constructive comments.

Waste external costs...a dry but useful approach

Zoi Environment Network posted a photo:

Waste external costs...a dry but useful approach

A diagram displaying various costs indirectly created by waste - these are linked, for example, to health problems and climate change.

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